Indigenous Australian peoples are the traditional custodians of this land since at least 40.000 years. It is thanks to them that Australia still enjoys one of the most pristine, abundant and biodiverse environment on the planet. Indigenous culture encompasses a unique holistic knowledge of the land and how to care for it in a sustainable manner. Indigenous Australian peoples have a right to pursue their roles as primary caretakers of their traditional lands. Their connection to land is part of their identity and at the core of their spiritual beliefs and culture. Therefore not only are Aboriginal peoples the most qualified, skilled and knowledgeable to look after the land and its wildlife, acknowledging this by maintaining their employment as rangers is also meaningful from a socio-economic point of view, and supports their social and emotional wellbeing.