First Nations exchange: Inspiration for long term security

Published: 8 Feb 2019

“In 2013, Australian rangers came to Yellowknife. It was so inspirational and in 2014, we started working with leaders, elders and youth to develop our own program.”

If the delegation of Indigenous leaders from Australia needed any more motivation for their tour around Canada sharing the success of Indigenous land and sea management back home, this statement from Dahti Tsetso said it all.

Dahti is a Dehcho First Nations resource management coordinator, who has been working with her community to pursue their land management aspirations. The Dehcho have, since 2014, developed a ranger program and, just a few months ago, established the Edéhzhíe Indigenous Protected Area/National Wildlife Area.

We want our own guardians* program. We want our people out on the land.
- Dahtie Tsetso

The Australian land management delegation includes and
Denis Rose from Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation, David Ross from Central Land Council and Dean Yibarbuk from Warddeken Land Management, here alongside Dehcho First Nations Grand Chief, Gladys Norwegian, and Chief of Yellowknives Dene First Nation, Ernest Betsina.

Dahti and her community have worked hard and achieved a lot, but it was great to hear that the work by traditional owners in Australia, the consistent federal government funding over long periods, and the dialogue her community has been able to have with Rangers visiting Yellowknife has helped to inspire and spur them on.  

“We’re still working on smaller project funding and that’s why it’s great to hear more about funding security in Australia. Your timeframes give me hope,” she said.

It was a familiar story to Denis Rose, Gunditjmara senior traditional owner and one of the key people involved in the early days of development of the Australian Indigenous Protected Area program. Denis’s experience, in both working from the federal environment department side initially, then later with his own community run rangers and IPAs, has a unique perspective.  

He first talked about the uncertainty faced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Indigenous Protected Areas and ranger groups in Australia last year, when contract extensions were only delivered at the eleventh hour.

Dahti and Denis agreed that consistent, long term funding streams are vital if IPA and ranger (guardian) programs are to succeed.

The benefits of long term Indigenous land and sea management funding include:

  • Giving organisations the ability to plan ahead. While project funding can help a group develop capacity to pursue land management aspirations, the demands of applying and reporting on projects inhibit an organisation’s ability to progress if they’re relying on limited project funding alone.
  • Good quality land management needs long time frames to be strategic and make a lasting difference.
  • An organisation’s administrative success is often founded on long term planning, strong corporate knowledge and stable funding.
  • Community members receive training for a project but those skills can be lost or not capitalised on if there is no ongoing funding. Long term funding means skills are honed and improvements are made, whereas short term funding risks staff leaving due to job insecurity.
  • It gives an organisation more ownership of the management of their land, rather than deliver outcomes based on project funding.
  • It provides a strong foundation from which other projects and negotiations can be developed.


This is about the service Indigenous communities deliver for the environment and cultural heritage. 
 - Denis Rose

Dehcho K’ehodi: Elder and Guardian Edward Cholo, Guardian Ariel Sanguez, Acting Resource Management Coordinator Kristen Tanche and Resource Manager (on leave) Dahtie Tsetso.

We’ve done a lot in Australia through the commitment of grassroots Indigenous land and sea management organisations, their elders, their staff and partners. We know there are still plenty of issues that need sorting out and challenges in delivering the best land and sea management but when we pause to look back, such a lot has been achieved.

Consistent government funding has been a catalyst for many other initiatives by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups. It has allowed the stability to plan, develop and grow. And has delivered a major return for the wider Australian public over and above the direct benefit to local communities. 

It’s exciting to see the progress being made in Canada through the commitment of local Indigenous communities and traditional owners, by the Canadian government starting to engage in dedicated funding programs for Canadian Guardians, and to think our Australian models have provided some inspiration for what offers to be a growing future for Indigenous land and sea management across both our countries.

* - ”guardians” is the Canadian term for “rangers”.